Biomechanics & Rehabilitation Bioengineering
- Rehabilitation Bioengineering
Biomechanics is the study of the structure, function and motion of the mechanical aspects of biological systems. When applied to the human body, biomechanics describes how muscles, bones, tendons, and ligaments work together to produce movement under neuromuscular control. Researchers in the Marquette University and Medical College of Wisconsin Department of Biomedical Engineering have expertise in Biomechanics, including impact and crash biomechanics, biomechanics of joint and spine motion, pediatric orthopaedic biomechanics, biomechanics of prosthetic and orthotic devices, and biomechanics of brain and spinal cord injury.
Rehabilitation Bioengineering uses principles from biomechanics to develop healthcare solutions and assistive medical devices to treat individuals with disabilities and to assist in the healing of physical and cognitive functions lost due to disease or injury. Rehabilitation engineers design and build medical assistive devices to meet a wide range of needs for patients facing mobility, communication, hearing, vision, and cognition challenges. These devices assist patients to return to activities of daily living, employment, and education. Rehabilitation engineers also improve upon standard rehabilitation methods to regain functions lost due to congenital disorders, disease or injury to restore mobility.
Biomechanics & Rehabilitation Bioengineering Laboratories
Integrative Neural Engineering Rehabilitation Laboratory
Led by Dr. Brian Schmit, investigators at the Integrative Neural Engineering Rehabilitation Laboratory (INERL) have access to six separate facilities designed to facilitate research at the cross-section of biomechanics, neural and rehabilitation engineering.
Neuromotor Control Laboratory
Co-directed by Dr. Robert Scheidt, The Neuromotor Control Laboratory (NMCL) seeks to generate knowledge needed to develop technologies, training strategies and therapeutic interventions for facilitating motor learning in healthy individuals and for promoting rehabilitation in patients with neuromotor injury or neurodevelopmental disorders.
Orthopaedic Rehabilitation Engineering Center
Directed by Dr. Gerald Harris, the Orthopaedic Rehabilitation Engineering Center (OREC) is comprised of five labs focusing on orthopaedic rehabilitation engineering: The Motion Analysis Laboratories, the Sports Medicine Motion Analysis Laboratory, the Orthopaedic Biomechanics Laboratory, and the Center for Motion Analysis.
Zablocki VA Medical Center Laboratories
The Zablocki VA Medical Center Laboratories (ZVAMC Labs) specialize in impact and crash biomechanics of the brain and spine. ZVAMC Labs are home to multiple investigators, including MU-MCW Biomedical Engineering faculty Dr. Frank Pintar, whose work focuses on biomechanics of the spine, and Dr. Brian Stemper, whose work focuses on traumatic brain injury in sports and military environments. In addition, the Labs house the Wisconsin CIREN Center, which is directed by Dr. Pintar.